The Basics of Blackjack Strategy


Blackjack is one of the most popular casino card games. It is played against the dealer and is a game of skill. The objective is to beat the dealer by either having a hand value of 21 or not going bust when the dealer does. Players have several playing options including surrender, pair splitting, doubling down and hitting and standing. There are also side bets such as insurance and the blackjack side bet.

Historically, blackjack was considered a game of pure luck and chance but the game has been mathematically analyzed since 1956. Using a computer, it was found that for every possible combination of a player’s hand and the dealer’s cards there is a single play that has the highest probability of winning. This led to the development of card counting systems which are designed to give the player an advantage over the dealer.

A basic understanding of blackjack strategy is essential. The most important factor is knowing when to hit and when to stand. It is usually a good idea to hit when the total of your cards is less than 17. It is also a good time to hit when the dealer shows a 10, 11, or a picture card. This is because it is very difficult to bust when you have a total of 16 or less.

It is also a good idea to stand when you have a total of 17 or more. While it is possible that you may get another card that will make your total higher than 17, this will probably not happen very often. In addition, the odds of beating the dealer are much better when you stand than when you hit.

If you are holding a total of 16 or less and the dealer has an Ace, it is a good time to surrender. This will prevent you from losing your bet to the dealer’s natural and it will also save you money. However, you must know the rules of the table you are playing at before making this decision. Some tables will not allow you to surrender and you will need to read the rules before you sit down.

Some blackjack players will count the cards as they are dealt and only sit down to play when they have a positive count. This is known as “Wonging” or back counting and casinos are aware of this technique and will look for players who are doing it.

It is also a good idea to avoid increasing your betting amount each time you win. While it may seem like a smart way to increase your chances of a win, this can easily result in you spending more than you are winning. In addition, blackjack is a gambling game and the odds don’t care about streaks. This means that even if you win four times in a row, you are still likely to lose overall. This is why it is so important to use a sound blackjack betting strategy and only increase your stakes when you are certain that you will win.